“Culture Eats Strategy for Breakfast”: Navigating the Heart of Organizational Success

Culture Eats Strategy for Breakfast

In the realm of organizational management, few phrases ring as true or are as widely echoed as “culture eats strategy for breakfast.” First attributed to management consultant Peter Drucker, this concept underscores the formidable influence of corporate culture in the execution of strategic initiatives. But what exactly does it mean, and why does culture warrant such a pivotal role in the success or failure of a strategy?

The Essence of Culture Over Strategy

At its core, the phrase suggests that while strong strategic planning is undoubtedly essential to any organization’s success, the prevailing culture within which that strategy is executed can significantly enhance or undermine these efforts. Strategy lays out the path to achieve goals, but culture breathes life into these plans, determining how they are implemented, and ultimately, how effectively they resonate within and beyond the organization.

Real-World Insights: Lessons from the Corporate Field

Consider Apple’s remarkable turnaround under the leadership of Steve Jobs. The company did not just rely on strategic shifts but rooted its resurgence in a deeply ingrained culture of innovation, risk-taking, and design excellence. This unyielding commitment to its core values enabled Apple to revolutionize multiple industries, underscoring how a strong, cohesive culture can drive sustainable success.

Conversely, Enron’s dramatic collapse offers a cautionary tale of how a toxic culture, driven by greed and unethical behaviour, can overpower strategic planning, leading to disaster. Despite clever strategies on paper, the corrosive internal culture ultimately led to one of the most infamous corporate failures in history.

On a more positive note, Zappos‘ and Netflix’s enduring success further validates the power of culture as a strategic lever. Zappos’ relentless focus on customer satisfaction and employee happiness has created a distinctive brand identity, while Netflix’s culture of innovation and freedom has been instrumental in its evolution from a DVD rental service to a global streaming powerhouse.

Similarly, Southwest Airlines has long been celebrated for its unique employee-first culture, fostering an environment of mutual respect and empowerment. This has been pivotal in consistently executing its strategic vision of providing affordable, customer-focused air travel, setting it apart in a cutthroat industry.

Fostering a Culture that Complements Strategy

Acknowledging the significance of culture does not diminish the importance of strategy; rather, it highlights culture as the environment within which strategy thrives. For leaders aiming to align their organization’s culture with strategic objectives, fostering a culture that promotes innovation, collaboration, and adaptability is crucial.

The following steps are indispensable for leaders to assess and cultivate a nurturing cultural environment:

  1. In-depth Culture Assessment: Leaders must start with a candid evaluation of their current culture, identifying aspects that support or hinder strategic goals. This often involves soliciting open and honest feedback from employees at all levels.
  1. Clearly Defined Values and Behaviours: Identifying and communicating the core values and behaviours that underpin the desired culture is crucial. These should be more than mere words on a wall; they must be reflected in every policy, decision, and interaction within the organization.
  2. Lead by Example: Senior executives and managers must embody the cultural attributes they wish to instil. The adage “actions speak louder than words” has never been more apt, as employees often take their behavioural cues from their leaders.
  3. Openness to Adaptation: While a strong culture is essential, rigidity can be a downfall. Leaders must be open to evolving their culture in response to external changes, internal feedback, or shifts in strategy.
  4. Continuous Engagement and Communication: Cultivating a culture that aligns with strategic objectives is not a one-time effort but a continuous process that requires ongoing engagement, communication, and reinforcement.


The symbiotic relationship between culture and strategy is undeniable. While strategy outlines the “what” and “how” of achieving business goals, culture profoundly influences the “why” and “who,” imbuing the strategic vision with meaning and purpose. For organizations aiming to carve out a competitive edge in today’s dynamic marketplace, ignoring the indomitable force of culture is not just risky; it’s a strategic misstep. Nurturing a culture that is in harmony with your strategic aspirations is not merely beneficial; it is imperative for long-term success.